Earth: Population: US Migration Patterns


The cool New York Times Upshot blog has published a fascinating set of interactive infographics relating to population change in the United States, specifically how people have moved from state to state over the last century or so.  The graphs show what percentage of population each state were born in other states. Immigrants from outside the US are lumped together and it would be interesting to see a breakdown of that segment. In fact, since they are showing percentages of the whole, rather than total numbers, it’s hard to see how a large increase or decrease in overall population may relate to the distribution of origins (thus a percentage decrease of some segment of a growing population could still be an increase in total numbers of that segment). Also, the graphs show only birth origins, so the numbers of people who may have moved from some state other than that in which they were born are not show. Nonetheless it’s an interesting view of population migration.

Rosetta probe rendevous with comet

Rosetta spacecraft image of Comet 67/P on 6 August 2014. Day of orbital insertion.

Rosetta spacecraft image of Comet 67/P on 6 August 2014. Day of orbital insertion. Copyright ESA/Rosetta/MPS for OSIRIS Team MPS/UPD/LAM/IAA/SSO/INTA/UPM/DASP/IDA

After a complex journey using the Earth and Mars as gravity slings to travel some 6.4 billion kilometers over a period of nearly 10.5 years, , the European Space Agency announced the arrival of the Rosetta spacecraft in orbit around comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko.  Rosetta will be the first mission ever to orbit a comet’s nucleus and land a probe on its surface. It will also be the first spacecraft to fly alongside a comet as it heads towards the inner Solar System, watching how a frozen comet is transformed by the warmth of the Sun.

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Bang! (AKA V838 Mon)

Celestial processes normally take thousand of years, or even millions or billions. The night sky we observe today (minus the modern particulate and light pollution) is insignificantly different from that our ancestors observed 2000 years ago. Aside from local events like eclipses, comets, or asteroid encounters, it’s pretty rare to see something in the sky that is really really big and also really really fast. Well, it’s all relative, of course. In the case of the star called V838 Mon (in the constellation Monoceros, about 20K light years away) a singular event happened in 2002 that caused an insanely huge explosion that was captured in time-lapse over a period of four years by our good friend the Hubble Space Telescope. It’s not clear what was the cause of the explosion, but apparently it was not a nova as originally thought. In any case it was momentarily one of the largest stars ever observed (settling to the size of a mere 380 solar radii) and produced some 600,000 times more light than the sun. This video was captured from 2002 to 2006 and is NOT a simulation, though they did morph the still images to smooth the transitions.